Died Nov. 15, 1996.
Albert Henry Schwichtenberg was born in Portland, Ore., in 1904. He graduated from Reed College there 1925 with a bachelor of arts degree and four years later received his doctor of medicine degree from the University of Oregon School of Medicines.
Commissioned a first lieutenant in the Medical Corps Reserve June l0, 1929, General Schwichtenberg was assigned as an intern at Letterman General Hospital, San Francisco, Calif. A year later he received his Regular commission as a first lieutenant in the Medical Corps and later became assistant attending surgeon at Fort George G. Meade, Md.
Entering the Army Medical School at Washington, D.C. in August 1931, General Schwichtenberg graduated the following February and became a student at the Medical Field Service School, Carlisle Barracks; Pa. That June he was assigned to Plattsburg Barracks, N.Y., where he served as ward surgeon and then was assistant to the surgeon. Soon thereafter he went to Corozal, Canal Zone, as officer in charge of the outpatient clinic and later served as attending post surgeon of the station hospital there. He entered the School of Aviation Medicine at Randolph Field, Texas, in October 1934, and graduated the following May.
Moving to Wright Field, Ohio, General Schwichtenberg served successively as assistant surgeon, assistant flight surgeon and recruiting officer. In June 1940 he was named director of the department of ophthalmology and otolaryngology at the School of Aviation Medicine, Randolph Field. Going to Westover Field, Mass., in January l942, he was appointed post surgeon. Entering the Command and General Staff School at Fort Leavenworth, Kan., a month later, he graduated in April 1943 and resumed his position as post surgeon of Westover Field.
Assigned to the Office of the Air Surgeon at Army Air Force headquarters, Washington, D.C., in August 1943, General Schwichtenberg was Air Force medical liaison officer to the surgeon general and director of the Hospital Division, as well as deputy chief of the Operations Service for Domestic Operation.
Joining the U.S. Strategic Air Forces in the Pacific Theater in September 1945, General Schwichtenberg was Air Force liaison officer and assistant to the chief surgeon of the Air Forces in the Pacific, with station in Manila, Philippine Islands. A month later he was appointed surgeon for the advance echelon of the Pacific Air Command at Tokyo, Japan, and in February 1946, when the rear echelon moved to Tokyo, he resumed his position as assistant to the surgeon of the Pacific Air Command. The following July he was named commanding surgeon of the 13th Air Depot Group at Tachikawa, Japan, and in October l947 he was designated Surgeon for the Far East Air Forces in Tokyo.
Returning to Air Force headquarters in May 1948, General Schwichtenberg was Air Force liaison officer to the air surgeon general and chief of the Plans and Hospitalization Division of the surgeon general's office. In October 1949 he was appointed senior Air Force representative in the Office of Medical Services of the Department of Defense, with additional duty as chief of the Civil and Military Health Interrelations Division. On Jan. 1, 1951, the Office of Medical Services was redesignated the Armed Forces Medical Policy Council, with General Schwichtenberg remaining as senior Air Force representative, with the same additional duty.
Going to Ent Air Force Base, Colorado Springs, Colo., in July 1952, General Schwichtenberg was named air surgeon of the Air Defense Command, and on Sept. 1, 1954, assumed the additional duty of command surgeon of the newly-organized Continental Air Defense Command.
His decorations include the Legion of Merit. General Schwichtenberg is a member of the American Medical Association and the Association of Military Surgeons. He is rated a flight surgeon and aircraft observer (Medical).