Retired Aug. 1, 1970.
Brigadier General Martin Menter is command judge advocate of the Aerospace Defense Command and also serves in like capacity on the staff of the North American Air Defense Command, at Ent Air Force Base, Colo.
General Menter was born in 1915, in Syracuse, N.Y., where he graduated from Central High School. He attended Syracuse University where he received a bachelor of arts degree, cum laude, in 1937; a bachelor of laws degree in 1939; and a doctor of laws degree, cum laude, in June 1968. He received a master of laws degree from The George Washington University in 1948. In April 1968 at Syracuse College of Law, he was elected to the national legal scholastic honor society, Order of the Coif. He was admitted to the New York State Bar and commenced private practice of law in Rochester, N.Y., in 1939.
He was called to active military duty, under his Army Air Corps Reserve commission, in August 1940, and was assigned to the Legal Division, Office of the Chief of Air Corps, Washington, D.C., where he served successively as chief of the Military Affairs Section and as chief of the Civil Affairs Division, Office of the Air Judge Advocate.
In February 1943, following graduation from the Judge Advocate General's School at Ann Arbor, Mich., he was detailed to the Judge Advocate General's Department and assigned as assistant staff judge advocate of Headquarters Army Air Forces Antisubmarine Command, New York City. In September 1943 he was assigned as staff judge advocate, I Bomber Command, and in July 1944 he became assistant staff judge advocate for the XXI Bomber Command at Peterson Field, Colo., and later on Guam. He served as staff judge advocate of the Twentieth Air Force during the latter part of World War II.
General Menter returned to the United States in November 1945 and to the Office of the Air Judge Advocate, Headquarters Army Air Forces, in Washington, D.C. He assisted in formulating plans for establishing the Air Force as a separate armed force. He was responsible for the preparation of necessary orders to transfer military and civilian personnel, property, funds, installations and functions from the U.S. Army to the U.S. Air Force. During this period until December 1951, he served as chief of the Legislative Division of the Air Force Office of the Judge Advocate General.
During the Korean War, General Menter was appointed in November 1951 as staff judge advocate, Far East Air Forces, and the United Nations Air Command. He worked closely with the Japanese Government officials in implementation of the Treaty of Peace with Japan. He is the only member of the U.S. Armed Forces ever admitted as a member of the bar of the Supreme Court of Japan.
In May 1953 he was assigned as staff judge advocate of the U.S. Air Force Indoctrination Center, Lackland Air Force Base, Texas. In July 1958 he entered the Industrial College of the Armed Forces and following graduation, in June 1959, was assigned to the Federal Aviation Agency as chief attorney, General Law, in the Office of the General Counsel, and in February 1964 he was appointed associate general counsel (General Legal Services).
General Menter was assigned as command judge advocate of the Aerospace Defense Command and in like capacity on the staff of the North American Air Defense Command, Ent Air Force Base, Colo., in December 1965.
General Menter served as chairman of the Federal Bar Association's Committee on Aviation Law and is chairman of its successor committee, the Committee on Air Transportation Law. As a member of the American Bar Association, he served two three-year terms on its Standing Committee on Aeronautical Law; is a member of its Associate & Advisory Committee; and is chairman of the Space Law Committee of the International and Comparative Law Section. He is a member of the International Institute on Space Law of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics and a member of the American Society of International Law. During 1967 he accepted appointment to a five-year term as Member of the Board of Visitors, Syracuse University College of Law.
At committee meetings of the International Civil Aviation Organization, he served as chairman of the U.S. delegation of the Legal Committee in 1964; as a member of the U.S. delegation to the Legal Commission in 1965; and as chairman of the U.S. delegation of the Legal Subcommittee studying the problem of international registration of aircraft in 1965.
Among his lectures and articles on aviation and space law are: "Military Aviation in Relation to the Federal Aviation Agency," and a treatise, "Astronautical Law," both of which were published by the Industrial College of the Armed Forces. The article was republished in the Federal Bar Journal and received an award from the Institute of Military Law. The Senate Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences included the treatise in a collection of writings in the field of space law. A paper, "Codification of Laws Relating to the Armed Forces," presented at the Industrial College was published in the Air University Quarterly Review. In September 1963 at a colloquium sponsored by the International Institute of Space Law of the International Astronautical Federation, he presented a paper entitled "Formulation of Space Law." Other articles are: "The Developing Law for Outer Space," American Bar Journal, August 1967; "The Developing Aerospace Law," discussing the world's first space law treaty, the Journal of the Astronautical Sciences, November-December 1967. He was given the "Lawyer's Lawyer Award for 1964" by the Air Force Judge Advocate General's Department Reserve of New York City.
His military decorations include the Legion of Merit with oak leaf cluster, Bronze Star Medal, Air Force Commendation Medal and Army Commendation Medal with oak leaf cluster.