Retired March 31, 1977.
General Paul K. Carlton is commander in chief of the Military Airlift Command, with headquarters at Scott Air Force Base, Ill. As commander of a specified command, CINCMAC is responsible to the president and the secretary of defense through the Joint Chiefs of Staff for accomplishment of military missions assigned to him. His command is comprised of airlift forces assigned for accomplishment of his military airlift missions during wartime, periods of crisis, and Joint Chiefs of Staff exercises.
CINCMAC is responsible for contingency and exercise planning within the context of strategic guidance provided by the Joint Chiefs of Staff. During periods of crisis he directs the management of all strategic and tactical airlift operations worldwide to insure operational support to unified and specified commands engaged in military operations. Additionally, he serves as executive director of the Single Manager Operating Agency for Department of Defense Airlift Service. As commander MAC, he is responsible for air rescue, air weather, aeromedical evacuation, and combat documentation and audiovisual systems throughout the world.
General Carlton was born in Manchester, N.H., in 1921, and graduated from Academy High School, Erie, Pa., in 1939. He attended the University of Pittsburgh and Ohio University, and in September 1941 entered the Army Air Corps aviation cadet program. He received his pilot wings and commission as a second lieutenant in April 1942 at Albany Army Air Field, Ga.
General Carlton was a B-17 instructor pilot with Air Training Command until 1944. He then flew B-29 aircraft with the first group operating against the Japanese mainland from India and China, accumulating a total of 350 combat hours.
Following World War II, from January 1946 to September 1949, he was assigned to Strategic Air Command's first atomic bomb organization, the 509th Bombardment Wing, Roswell Air Force Base, N.M. This was followed by a four-year assignment as aide-de-camp to SAC Commander in Chief General Curtis E. LeMay.
From October 1953 to January 1956, General Carlton was assigned to March Air Force Base, Calif., as director of operations, 320th Bombardment Wing, and later as director of plans, 15th Air Force. He went to Guam in January 1956 and became director of operations for SAC's 3d Air Division at Andersen Air Force Base. He returned to the United States in November 1957 and served the next one and a half years as deputy commander of the 93d Bombardment Wing and the Combat Crew Training School for B-52 and KC-135 aircrews at Castle Air Force Base, Calif. He assumed command of the 4126th Strategic Wing, Beale Air Force Base, Calif., in May 1959.
General Carlton was selected to attend the National War College in Washington, D.C., from August 1961 to June 1962, during which time he also attended The George Washington University. In June 1962 General Carlton assumed command of the 379th Bombardment Wing at Wurtsmith Air Force Base, Mich., and in November 1963, was assigned as commander of the 305th Bombardment Wing, Bunker Hill Air Force Base, Ind.
In July 1965, General Carlton was assigned to SAC headquarters at Offutt Air Force Base, Neb., with dual responsibilities as chief, Single Integrated Operational Plans Division, Joint Strategic Target Planning Staff, and chief, Operations Plans Division, Directorate of operations. He assumed duties as assistant deputy chief of staff for operations in June 1967.
General Carlton assumed command of the 1st Strategic Aerospace Division, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif., in August 1968. He returned to Headquarters SAC in March 1969 to serve as deputy chief of staff for operations. He next served as commander of the 15th Air Force, with headquarters at March Air Force Base, Calif., from August 1969 until September 1972 when he assumed command of the Military Airlift Command. On Feb. 1, 1977, when MAC was designated as a specified command, General Carlton became CINCMAC.
While serving as commander, achievements by Military Airlift Command people resulted in award of the 1972 Benjamin D. Foulois Flying Safety Trophy; the 1973 Harmon International Trophy for the 1972 nonstop HC-130 flight from Ching Chuan Kang Air Base, Taiwan, to Scott Air Force Base, Ill.; the 1974 Mackay Trophy, for the prisoner of war release, Operation Homecoming; the 1974 David C. Schilling Award and the 1974 Harmon International Trophy, both for the American airlift to Israel, in which MAC C-141s and C-5s moved 22,395 tons 6,500 miles by air to Israel in 33 days; and a special Humanitarian Award from Milwaukee's Trans-Aire '75 Exposition for MAC's many humanitarian achievements, including the airlift of Vietnamese and Cambodian orphans to their new homes in the United States and the massive airlift evacuation of Vietnamese refugees. General Carlton also received the 1975 Reserve Officers Association's Minuteman Hall of Fame Award.
A command pilot, General Carlton has more than 12,000 flying hours and has flown the B-47, B-52, including the "H" model, supersonic B-58 Hustler, KC-135, C-141, C-5 and the Mach 3 plus SR-71 strategic reconnaissance aircraft. He is a member of the Air Force Association (Citation of Honor, 1973), order of Daedalians, American Defense Preparedness Association, and the National Defense Transportation Association.
His military decorations and awards include the Distinguished Service Medal, Silver Star, Legion of Merit with oak leaf cluster, Distinguished Flying Cross, Air Medal with five oak leaf clusters, Army Commendation Medal, and the Purple Heart.
The Senate confirmed his presidential nomination to the grade of general Oct. 9, 1972.