Retired July 1, 1981.
Lieutenant General James D. Hughes is commander in chief, Pacific Air Forces, with headquarters at Hickam Air Force Base, Hawaii. He commands the air component of the unified Pacific Command with an overall mission of planning, conducting, controlling and coordinating offensive and defensive air operations. This area of responsibility extends from the west coast of the Americas to the east coast of Africa and from the Arctic to the Antarctic - an area encompassing more than half the earth's surface and some two billion people living under more than thirty-five different flags. This command comprises more than 34,000 Air Force operational and support personnel stationed at eight major bases and more than 87 facilities principally located in Japan, Korea, the Philippines and Hawaii.
General Hughes was born in 1922, in Balmville, N.Y. He graduated from the U.S. Military Academy, West Point, N.Y., in 1946, and the National War College, Fort Lesley J. McNair, Washington, D.C., in 1966. He also earned a master's degree in international affairs from The George Washington University, Washington, D.C., in 1966.
After graduating from the academy, he completed pilot training and joined the 36th Troop Carrier Squadron at Pope Field, N.C. In April 1948 he went to Japan as a fighter pilot and in April 1949 joined the 8th Fighter-Bomber Wing as a fighter pilot and group adjutant. He flew 101 combat missions during the Korean War.
He returned to the United States in March 1951 and served as group adjutant and fighter pilot with the 20th Fighter-Bomber Group at Shaw Air Force Base, S.C. He subsequently accompanied the group on successive moves to Langley Air Force Base, Va., and Royal Air Force Station Wethersfield, England. General Hughes returned from England in February 1955 and was assigned to the Directorate of Military Personnel, Headquarters U.S. Air Force, Washington, D.C.
In July 1957 General Hughes was appointed military aide to Vice President Nixon. He moved to George Air Force Base, Calif., in February 1961 where he served as squadron operations officer with the 31st Tactical Fighter Wing.
General Hughes moved to Tan Son Nhut Air Base in the Republic of Vietnam where he served from August 1962 to September 1963 as assistant operations officer and chief of the Special Operations Branch of Headquarters 2nd Air Division. He then returned to the United States for an assignment in the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel at Headquarters U.S. Air Force.
After graduation from the National War College in August 1966, General Hughes was named vice commander of the 4525th Fighter Weapons Wing at Nellis Air Force Base, Nev. In July 1968 he was assigned as director of safety at Headquarters U.S. Air Forces in Europe, Lindsey Air Station, Germany.
In November 1968 General Hughes returned to the United States for appointment as armed forces aide to the president, effective Jan. 29, 1969. The position title was subsequently changed to military assistant to the president. He served in this capacity until February 1972 when he was named vice commander of 12th Air Force at Bergstrom Air Force Base, Texas.
General Hughes transferred to Udorn Royal Thai Air Force Base, Thailand, in September 1972 as deputy commander, 7th/13th Air Force and became commander when that unit was reorganized as Detachment 7, 13th Air Force, in March 1973. He moved to Nakhon Phanom Royal Thai Air Force Base in April 1973 to assume duties as deputy commander, 7th Air Force, and chief of staff, U.S. Support Activities Group.
In December 1973 General Hughes assumed command of 9th Air Force at Shaw Air Force Base, S C. He remained in this position until July 1975 when he moved to Bergstrom Air Force Base, Texas, as commander of 12th Air Force. He assumed his current command in June 1978.
The general is a command pilot. His military decorations and awards include the Distinguished Service Medal with two oak leaf clusters, Distinguished Flying Cross with oak leaf cluster, Bronze Star Medal, Air Medal with nine oak leaf clusters, Air Force Commendation Medal with oak leaf cluster, Purple Heart, Distinguished Unit Citation emblem with two oak leaf clusters, Air Force Outstanding Unit Award ribbon, Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation, Republic of Korea Order of National Security Merit (Gugseon Medal), Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross with palm and the Most Noble Order of the Crown of Thailand (First Class-Knight Grand Cross). He is a recipient of the Order of the Sword, the highest honor bestowed upon a commander by his noncommissioned officer corps.
General Hughes has been awarded pilot wings from the Republic of Korea Air Force, Taiwan Air Force, Republic of the Philippines Air Force and the Royal Thai Air Force.
He was promoted to lieutenant general May 31, 1974, with same date of rank.