Retired Nov. 1, 1968. Died June 19, 1985.
Archie Arthur Hoffman was born in Boston, Mass., in 1913. He graduated from Revere High School (Revere, Mass.,) in 1930, Massachusetts State College in 1934 and the Medical College of Virginia in 1938, standing second in his class. He spent the next two years as a medical house officer at the Boston City Hospital on the V & VI Medical Services. He was the first house physician on the latter service.
In September 1940, he came on duty with the Army Air Corps at Westover Field as a first lieutenant. He spent 22 months there in a variety of medical positions, was made an aviation medical examiner in August 1941 and a captain in 1942.
After receiving his training in tropical and military medicine, he was assigned to the Sixth Air Force from July 1942 to April 1944 where he ran hospitals in Guatemala, Peru and Panama. He was rated as a flig1t surgeon in October 1942 and flew several long-range anti-submarine patrols in tactical B-17s and LB-30s from his bases. In February 1943, he was promoted to grade of major.
Between June 1944 and November 1946, he was assigned to the Army Air Forces Personnel Distribution Command with the first 17 months spent at Redistribution Station #1 at Atlantic City and the following 12 months at the Overseas Replacement Depot #5 at Greensboro, N.C. In both stations, he started as a flight surgeon, became the base surgeon and closed out the medical facilities. In Atlantic City, he was the personal physician to the cast of the Winged Victory show.
Major Hoffman went overseas again in November 1946 as the command surgeon of the Antilles Area where he operated six hospitals and acted as consultant in internal medicine. In 1947, he reported evidence of a factitious extrinsic asthma in the Antilles Area due to an indigenous grass, chloris petrea, the pollen of which affected children and adults. He was rated as an aircraft medical observer in August 1948.
In August 1949, he entered the Army Medical Residence Program in which he remained until August 1951. The last year was spent in charge of the Peripheral Vascular Service at Walter Reed Army Hospital. He performed significant work on traumatic vascular and cold injuries resulting from the Korean conflict. He was promoted to lieutenant colonel in this period.
In August 1951, Colonel Hoffman was assigned as chief of medicine at the USAF Hospital, Sheppard Air Force Base, Texas, where he established a proficiency training program for physicians, produced a series of monographs in basic science subjects and set up a cardiovascular center and a poliomyelitis center. In January 1953, he was reassigned to Headquarters Technical Training Air Force as deputy surgeon and director, Professional and Aviation Medicine divisions. He was certified the following month by the American Board of Internal Medicine. He supervised 10 hospitals ranging from 125 to 1,100 beds in size.
After 22 months, Colonel Hoffman was reassigned to the Office of the Surgeon General as consultant in internal medicine and later as chief of the Consultants Group. In April 1955, he was promoted to colonel. He participated in the formulation of Air Force directives on tuberculosis, poliomyelitis, acute renal failure, the central electrocardiographic repository and the hospital professional library. He stimulated a research study at the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology to determine the amount of covert coronary artery disease in a relatively young military population. On July 1, 1956, he was rated as a senior flight surgeon.
In November 1958, Colonel Hoffman was assigned to Headquarters Command U.S. Air Force as director of professional services, USAF Hospital Andrews, and deputy command surgeon. He assumed command in August 1958. Under his tenure the following teaching programs have been instituted at USAF Hospital Andrews: medical internship, dental internship, general practice residency, dietetic training, Phase II Medical Laboratory Specialist Training and Foreign Observer Medical Training. The hospital Cancer Detection Program has been approved by the American College of Surgeons and a formal course in Medical Technology has been accredited by the American Society of Clinical Pathologists. He was selected by the surgeon general to present lectures on Aviation Cardiology to the Annual AIRCENT Medical Conference in France in 1960. In May 1961, his unit was given the Air Force Outstanding Unit Award.
General Hoffman has kept active in internal medicine, aerospace medicine, cardiovascular diseases; in teaching and clinical research. He has published a number of scientific papers in the field of internal medicine and at present is engaged in several cardiac research areas. He has contributed a number of managerial and professional aspects of hospital operation. In 1961, he was given an A rating in internal medicine by the surgeon general and that of command flight surgeon.